This EVC consists of grassy or sedgy woodland to 15 m tall. Large inter-tussock spaces may support a range of annual herbs, some with underground storage organs, which are adapted to low summer rainfall. Recruitment is continuous. The cover of organic litter within this EVC is ~10%.
This EVC occupies low relief terrain in areas receiving less than 600 mm annual rainfall. Soils are fertile, sometimes seasonally waterlogged, mostly silty, loamy or clay topsoils, with heavy subsoils, derived largely from former Quaternary swamp deposits.