European Rabbit

Photo(s): 

European Rabbit

Oryctolagus cuniculus


Mainly nocturnal. Shelters in burrows (warrens) during the day. Can breed from 4 months of age, at any time of the year. When conditions are good they can produce 5 or more litters a year, with 4 to 5 young in each litter. Their impact is greatest during drought and straight after a bushfire, when food is scarce and they eat whatever they can. They ringbark trees and shrubs, and prevent regeneration by eating seeds and seedlings. 


Details Description
Type
Mammal
Group
Placental
Identifying Characteristics

Upper body grey-brown, underparts pale grey. Ears long. Tail white. Body up to 45 cm long.

Distinctive Markings

Ears shorter than length of head and without a black tip, short white tail.

Diet

Herbivore. Eats green grass, herbs, fleshy plant roots and tubers. Digs below ground to reach roots of grasses and shrubs. Also eats bark and seeds.

Habitat

Habitats ranging from deserts to coastal plains, wherever there is suitable soft soil for digging their burrows (warrens).

Native Status
Introduced
Taxonomy
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Mammalia
Order
Lagomorpha
Family
Leporidae
Genus
Oryctolagus
Species
cuniculus
Throughout most of Australia including Victoria.

Distribution maps indicate current and historic locations where species have been sighted.

Source: Atlas of Living Australia

Conservation Status
DEPI Advisory List
Not listed
FFG Act
Not listed
EPBC Act
Not listed

The conservation status of species is listed within Victoria and Australia.

The Department of Environment and Primary Industry (DEPI) Advisory List consists of non-statutory advisory lists of rare or threatened flora and fauna within Victoria.

The Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 (FFG Act) lists threatened species in Victoria. Under the Act, an Action Statement is produced for each listed species.

The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) is the Australian Government’s key piece of environmental legislation, listing nationally threatened native species and ecological communities.