Black Swan

Photo(s): 

Black Swan

Cygnus atratus


Forms isolated pairs for life. Both adults raise one brood per season. Breeds anytime of the year with ample rainfall. Breeding season is usually early-mid winter in southern Australia. Forms untidy nests of reeds and grasses on small islands or floating in deep water. Clutch size is usually 5 or 6 eggs but can lay up to 10 eggs. Incubation time is 35-45 days. 


Details Description
Type
Bird
Group
Swan
Identifying Characteristics

Body mostly black. Broad, white wing tips. Deep orange-red bill. Grows between 1.1-1.4m. Younger birds are much greyer in colour.

Distinctive Markings

Distinct narrow, white band towards the end of the bill. Curled feather tips gives this species its characteristic ruffles.

Diet

Herbivore including algae and weeds.

Habitat

Diverse range of habitats including lakes, estuaries, rivers and temporary wetlands of arid inland areas.

Native Status
Native to Australia
Sounds
Loud, clear bugling call. Defensive hiss.
Taxonomy
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Anseriformes
Family
Anatidae
Genus
Cygnus
Species
atratus
Found throughout Australia except Cape York Peninsula. More common in southern parts of Australia. Introduced to New Zealand and New Guinea where they are now vagrant.

Distribution maps indicate current and historic locations where species have been sighted.

Source: Atlas of Living Australia

Conservation Status
DEPI Advisory List
Not listed
FFG Act
Not listed
EPBC Act
Not listed

The conservation status of species is listed within Victoria and Australia.

The Department of Environment and Primary Industry (DEPI) Advisory List consists of non-statutory advisory lists of rare or threatened flora and fauna within Victoria.

The Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 (FFG Act) lists threatened species in Victoria. Under the Act, an Action Statement is produced for each listed species.

The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) is the Australian Government’s key piece of environmental legislation, listing nationally threatened native species and ecological communities.

Audio samples: